ICD 10 - International Classification of Diseases of the 10th Revision


This class, which in the previous revisions of the IBC was additional, allows you to classify incidents, conditions and circumstances as a cause of injury, poisoning and other adverse effects. In cases where code from a given class is used, it is implied that it should be used as an addition to a code from another class that indicates the nature of the state.

Most often, the state of the state will be classified by the code from class XIX "Injuries, poisonings and some other effects of external causes" ( S00-T98 ). The development of causes of death is recommended in accordance with class categories XIX and XX, but if only one code is included in the development, preference should be given to class XX headings. Other conditions that may be indicated as related to the effects of external causes are classified in classes I-XVIII. For these states, class XX codes should be used to provide additional information only when performing statistical analysis for multiple reasons.

The sections for designating the effects of external causes are indicated in block Y85-Y89 .

This class contains the following blocks:

  • V01-X59 Accidents
    • V01-V99 Transportation Accidents
    • V01-V09 Pedestrian injured in transport accident
    • V10-V19 Cyclist injured in transport accident
    • V20-V29 Motorcyclist injured in a traffic accident
    • V30-V39 A person who was in a three-wheeled vehicle and was injured in a transport accident
    • V40-V49 A person in a car and injured in a traffic accident
    • V50-V59 A person who was in a pickup truck or van and was injured in a transport accident
    • V60-V69 A person who was in a heavy truck and was injured in a traffic accident
    • V70-V79 A person on the bus and injured in a transport accident
    • V80-V89 Accidents involving other land vehicles
    • V90-V94 Accidents on water transport
    • V95-V97 Accidents in air transport and during space flights
    • V98-V99 Other and unspecified transport accidents
    • W01-X59 Other external causes of injuries in case of accidents
    • W00-W19 Falls
    • W20-W49 The impact of inanimate mechanical forces
    • W50-W64 The impact of living mechanical forces
    • W65-W74 Accidental drowning or immersion in water
    • W75-W84 Other accidents with breathing hazard
    • W85-W99 Accidents caused by the impact of electric current, radiation and extreme values ​​of ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure
    • X00-X09 Exposure to smoke, fire and flames
    • X10-X19 Contact with hot and hot substances (objects)
    • X20-X29 Contact with poisonous animals and plants
    • X30-X39 The impact of the forces of nature
    • X40-X49 Accidental poisoning and exposure to poisonous substances
    • X50-X57 Overexertion, travel and hardship
    • X58-X59 Random effects of other and unspecified factors
  • X60-X84 Intentional self-harm
  • X85-Y09 Assault
  • Y10-Y34 Damage with uncertain intentions
  • Y35-Y36 Acts prescribed by law and military operations
  • Y40-Y84 Complications of therapeutic and surgical interventions
    • Y40-Y49 Medicinal products, medicines and biological substances that cause adverse reactions during their therapeutic use
    • Y60-Y69 Accidental harm to the patient when performing therapeutic (and surgical) interventions
    • Y70-Y82 Medical devices and devices associated with accidents occurring during their use for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes
    • Y83-Y84 Surgical and other medical procedures as the cause of an abnormal reaction or late complication in a patient without mention of accidental harm to him during their performance
  • Y85-Y89 Effects of external causes of morbidity and mortality
  • Y90-Y98 Additional factors related to morbidity and mortality classified elsewhere


The following four-digit subheadings are used with categories W00-Y34, with the exception of Y06.- and Y07.- , in order to identify the place where the incident occurred due to external causes:

  • .0 House:

    Residential house on a farm Building (residential) Apartment Guesthouse Caravan parking Place of residence not established for special purposes Private: garage, yard near the house, driveway, garden at home Swimming pool in a private house or garden

    Excluded: a house that is under construction or is not yet inhabited (.6) abandoned or abandoned house (.8) special accommodation facility (.1)

  • .1 Special accommodation facility:

    Military camp Children's home Retirement home Retirement home Children's home Boarding school for disabled persons Correctional school Hostel Hospice Orphanage Prison Prison

  • .2 Territories of schools, other institutions and public buildings

    Buildings (including adjoining areas) that are open to general public or to particular groups of the population, such as: library, hospital, higher education institution, gallery, kindergarten, meeting room, courtroom, courthouse, cinema, cinema, club, concert hall , youth center, museum, opera studio, post office, secondary school, campus, dance hall, theater, university, church, school, day nursery

    Excluded: special accommodation facility (.1) sports grounds and sports competitions (.3) building under construction (.6)

  • .3 Sports and sports facilities

    Basketball court Gymnasium Skating rink Swimming pool (public) Gymnasium Stadium Tennis court Football field Hockey field Riding school

    Excluded: swimming pool or tennis court in a private house or garden (.0)

  • .4 Street or motorway

    Motorway Road Roadway Roadway Roadway Pavement

  • .5 Trade and service facilities and facilities

    Administrative building Airport Bank Petrol station Gas filling station Garage (commercial) Casino Cafe Shop (commercial) Wholesale shop Hotel Market Radio or television station Restaurant Warehouse Service station Station (bus) (railway) Supermarket

    Excluded: garage in a private house (.0)

  • .6 Production and construction areas and premises

    Shipyard Industrial warehouse premises Under construction (any) Tunnel under construction Shipbuilding enterprise Factory (s): - building - territory Workshop, workshop Mine Derrick Quarry Power station

  • .7 Farm

    Ranch Farms: buildings, croplands

    Excluded: a dwelling house and household premises on a farm (.0)

  • .8 Other specified place

    Swamp Mountains Reservoir Reservoir Military training ground Dock BDU Railway tracks Zoo Canal Camp Forest Parking lot Wagon parking place Sea Sea beach Public place BDU Lake Park (entertainment) (public) Beach Abandoned house Port Potok, creek Desert River Steppe Holm

  • .9 Unspecified place

    Excluded: a house that is under construction or is not yet inhabited (.6) abandoned or abandoned house (.8) special accommodation facility (.1)


Note. This block is divided into 12 groups. Groups that relate to accidents involving land transport (V01-V89) indicate the mode of transport of the victim; In addition, they have subsections for identifying another participant or type of incident. The vehicle, which was occupied by the victim, denotes the first two digits; this seems to be important in order to carry out preventive measures.

( Y03.- ) damage not specified as accidental or deliberate (Y32-Y33) deliberate self-harm (X82-X83) transport accidents due to natural forces (X34-X38)


  • (a) Transport Accident ( V01-V99 ) - any accident involving a device that is primarily intended or used at a given time to carry passengers or goods.
  • (b) Public highway [highway] or street - the entire width of the strip between the boundaries of possessions or other restrictive lines of any roadway or place, any part of which is open to public transport or individuals according to custom or law. The carriageway is part of a public road designed to be maintained and normally used for the traffic of vehicles.
  • (c) A road accident is any motor vehicle accident occurring on a public highway [i.e. beginning, ending or to some extent connected with the finding of this means on the motorway]. It is assumed that the motorcycle accident occurred on the road, unless indicated otherwise, except for accidents involving only inexpensive motor transport, which are classified as accidents that do not occur on a public highway, unless the instructions contradict this.
  • (d) An unhappy accident is any accident involving a motor vehicle that occurred anywhere except the public highway.
  • (e) Pedestrian - any person involved in an accident that was not in a motor vehicle, train, tram, horse-drawn vehicle or other vehicle, on a bicycle or on horseback at the time of the incident. Included: person:. which changes the wheel cover. engaged in adjusting the motor vehicle. walking on foot using a pedestrian vehicle, such as:. baby carriage . skates. walking stroller. luggage trolley. wheelchair. roller Skates . Kick scooter . skateboard. skiing . sledge. wheelchair
  • (f) A driver is a person who is in a motor vehicle and who controls or intends to manage it.
  • (g) Passenger - any person who is in a vehicle but not a driver. Excluded: a person outside the vehicle and moving on it - see definition (h)
  • (h) A person outside the vehicle is any person who moves on a vehicle but does not occupy a place normally reserved for the driver or passengers or a place to carry the goods. Included: person moving (on):. housing. bumper. clinging to the outer part. on the roof (frame). of the side. footstep
  • (i) Pedal vehicle - any land vehicle driven by pedals only. Included: two-wheeled bicycle tricycle Excluded: a bicycle with a motor - see definition (k)
  • (j) Cyclist - any person traveling on a pedal vehicle or in a stroller or in a trailer attached to such a vehicle.
  • (k) A motorcycle is a two-wheeled motor vehicle with one or two seats, sometimes having a third wheel to support the stroller. The stroller is considered part of the motorcycle. Moped Motor Scooter Motorcycle:. BDU. combination. with a stroller motorized bicycle motor pedal with limited speed Excluded: tricycle with motor - see definition (m)
  • (l) Motorcyclist - any person who moves on a motorbike or in a wheelchair attached to him or in a trailer.
  • (m) A three-wheeled motor vehicle is a motorized tricycle used primarily on roads. Included: motor tricycle motorized rickshaw three-wheeled motor car Excluded: motorcycle with sidecar - see definition (k) special all-terrain vehicle - see definition (w)
  • (n) A motor vehicle is a four-wheeled motor vehicle designed primarily for the transport of not more than 10 people. Included: minivan
  • (o) A pickup or van is a four- or six-wheeled motor vehicle intended for the carriage of goods6 whose mass

Classification and instructions for the coding of transport accidents

1. If the incident is not specified as road or inexpensive, it should be considered as:

  • (a) a road accident where it can be classified under the headings V10-V82 and V87;
  • (b) a low-cost accident, where it can be classified under V83-V86. The affected persons are pedestrians or passengers primarily of off-road vehicles.

2. If the accident is associated with more than one type of vehicle, the following order of priority of the headings is used:

  • air and space transport ( V95-V97 )
  • water transport ( V90-V94 )
  • other modes of transport (V01-V89, V98-V99 )

3. If the descriptions of the transport incidents do not determine the injured as the vehicle's passengers, while:

  • drawing
  • doom
  • overturning
  • relocation
  • crushing
  • wound
  • hit
any vehicle,

these victims are considered pedestrians (in categories V01-V09 )

4. If the description of the transport accident does not determine the role of the victim, in the cases listed below, the victim is considered a passenger or driver:

  • the bus
  • the car
  • camper
  • bulldozer
  • bicycle
  • watercraft
  • urban transport
  • lorry
  • spaceship
  • boats
  • motorcycle
  • pickup
  • trains
  • recreational vehicle
  • aircraft
  • tractors
  • tramway
  • a tricycle with a motor
  • accidents
  • collision
  • catastrophe
  • crash

If more than one vehicle participates in an incident, do not assume which one the victim was in, except when the vehicles are identical. In these cases, the codes of the categories V87-V88, V90-V94 , V95-V97 are used and the order in the superiority of the headings given above in note 2 is taken into account.

5. If the transport accident is related to the fact that the vehicle (motor) (non-motor):

  • - enters
    • - out of control due to:
    • - falling asleep to the driver
    • - driver's inattention
    • - breakdown of the mechanical part
    • - overspeeding
    • - tire puncture

and as a result there is a collision, the case is classified as a collision.

If a collision does not occur, the event is classified as an accident without collision and is coded according to the type of vehicle.

6. If a transport accident involving a moving vehicle has occurred for such reasons as:

  • throw on any part or object inside
  • explosion of any part
  • poison gas poisoning
  • fall, jump, or collision with
  • the fire that started inside
  • breakage of any part
  • impact by moving part
  • hit by an object thrown on or inside
  • punch
transport facility (s) in motion,

and the result was a collision, the case is classified as a collision. If a collision does not occur, the event is classified as an accident without collision and is coded according to the type of vehicle.

7. Ground traffic accidents, described as:

  • collision (due to loss of control) (on public road) of a motor vehicle with:

    • the ground dug in the repair of the road
    • tree
    • road sign
    • fence or fence
    • fence of supports (bridge) (trestle)
    • landslide rock (motionless)
    • a little island of safety
    • subject thrown in front of a moving motor vehicle
    • The construction that divides the roadway along its axis
    • pillar
    • a fallen stone
    • other object, motionless, moving or moving
    included in


    V17.- , V27.-

    V37.- , V47.-

    V57.- , V67.-

    V77.- ;

  • overturning (without collision), is included in the headings V18.- , V28.- , V38.- , V48.- , V58.- , V68.- , V78.- ;
  • collision with an animal (in a herd) (which is unattended) is included in the headings V10.- , V20.- , V30.- , V40.- , V50.- , V60.- , V70.- ;
  • collision with a cart drawn by an animal or animal under a saddle is included in the headings V16.- , V26.- , V36.- , V46.- , V56.- , V66.- , V76.- .



[Cm. above-mentioned subheadings of the codes of the scene]

Included: deliberate self-harm through poisoning or trauma suicide (attempt)


[Cm. above-mentioned subheadings of the codes of the scene]

Includes: killing injuries caused by another person for the purpose of causing injury or killing by any means

Excluded: damage due to:. prescribed by law acts ( Y35.- ). military operations ( Y36.- )


[Cm. above-mentioned subheadings of the codes of the scene]

Note. This block includes cases where available information is not sufficient so that medical and legal experts can conclude whether the incident is an accident, self-harm or violence with the intent of killing or inflicting damage. This includes self-harm, excluding poisoning, with no indication of their nature - accidental or intentional.



Complications associated with medical devices and devices are any adverse reactions associated with appropriate prescriptions correctly administered in therapeutic or prophylactic doses by drugs accidentally causing harm to the patient during surgical and therapeutic intervention surgical and therapeutic procedures as the cause of abnormal patient response or long-term complication without mentioning the accidental harm to the patient during their execution

Excluded: accidental overdose, improper appointment or taking medication by mistake (X40-X44)


Note. The headings of Y85-Y89 should be used to refer to circumstances as causes of death, disability or disability from effects or remote manifestations that are themselves classified elsewhere. The notion of "consequences" includes states described as such or as distant manifestations that developed a year or more after the event.


Note. These headings are used to provide additional information on the causes of morbidity and mortality. They should not be used as the main codes in the statistical development of morbidity or mortality for a single reason.

Search in MKB-10

Search by text:

Search by code ICD 10:

Alphabetical search

In Russia, the International Classification of Diseases of the 10th revision ( ICD-10 ) was adopted as a single normative document to take into account the incidence, the reasons for the population to address medical facilities of all departments, the causes of death.

ICD-10 was introduced into the practice of health care throughout the RF in 1999 by the order of the Ministry of Health of Russia of 27.05.97. №170

The release of the new revision ( ICD-11 ) is planned in 2017.